Gaziantep is located at the western tip of the south-eastern region of Anatolia and at the north-western tip of Mesopotamia. The city is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It has a history dating back to the Paleolithic period (site of Doliche) and is home to Hittite, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuq and Ottoman layers. Due to its special location on the Silk Road, the city has grown rapidly after it passed into Ottoman reign in 1516. During this period, the city became a centre where not only goods and money but also beliefs, traditions, thoughts and scientific knowledge were exchanged. Thus, the city created a unique multicultural social structure which also strongly reflected in the gastronomic culture. Additionally with the support of the climate condition the gastronomic culture of Gaziantep gained strength and reached over 400 dishes with the rich fruits-vegetables-spices-nuts and animal products of the region.
Gaziantep has become a regional centre and the top ten fastest growing cities in the world with its strong cultural, agricultural and commercial structure as well as the young and educated population. (Wall Street Journal 2013 – Express 01.16.2014). The city carries out about 10 % of the total export of Turkey. With a population of 1 million 890 thousand, the city has an unemployment ratio of only about 6,9%. The city own the 5th largest organized industry zone in Turkey which employed some 130.000 persons, exports to 177 countries. Sign of its rapid development, Gaziantep airport attendance has increased from 223.303 persons to 2.163.124 for the last eleven years. The city has three universities and has developed strong economic and cultural relationships with all over the world.
The current economic structure of the city relies on the trio of gastronomy, agriculture and commerce just like it did throughout history.